Most water wells are “drilled” using a truck-mounted rig. The well driller makes a hole in the ground with a drill bit, and then lines the hole with steel or PVC pipe. The well is then filled with gravel to keep the hole open and allow water to flow freely into the well.
Cleaning a residential water well means removing any debris or contaminants that may have made their way into the well. This can be done by physically cleaning the well (with a brush or other tool), flushing the well with clean water, or using chemicals to remove contaminants.
Wells should be cleaned on a regular basis to ensure that they are free of contaminants. Wells that are not properly maintained can become a health hazard, as they may contain bacteria or other contaminants that can cause illness.